The idea of so many events to have taken place over the years can be very intriguing. One of the most significant eras in history was the Baroque era, that lasted for more than a century.
Kathryn Louderback Music in TimePlaylists bachbaroqueComposersdanceorchestrapiano Background When we say Baroque music, we typically think of composers like Bach and Handel. Beginning aroundthe Baroque era was instrumental pun definitely intended in the normalization of tonality harmony as we know it — major and minor keys, etc.
During this time, professional musicians were expected to be able to improvise accompaniments and melodies. Musical concerts were usually accompanied by a harpsichord or lute improvising chords from a figured bass line a musical notation where numbers and symbols indicate specific chords and intervals to be played with a given note.
The Baroque era also saw the expansion of size, range, and complexity of instrumental performance, and many new genres of music were created that we still use today.
In the term was used to describe the newly ornate and very heavily ornamented architecture in Rome. The Baroque era can be roughly divided into three periods: Composers during this time explored ideas from Ancient Greek music, and as a result turned away from Renaissance polyphony and toward the Ancient Greek idea of monody: This idea marked the beginning of opera, which later became a defining genre of the Baroque era.
While most of the music has been lost, we do know that the premiere was in and was only scored for harpsichord, lute, viol father of the celloarchlute a bass luteand triple flute.
And Peri established recitative as an opera norm: This technique is still used in operas today. You can read here for more information on Dafne. Check out this video for some of the music: Early Baroque music established the importance of tonal harmonies through a method called figured bass.
Figured bass, a system of symbols for the performer to determine the harmonies to be played underneath a melody, started a movement that resulted in chord progressions like what we use today.
Certain harmonic intervals were determined to be unstable like the tritone and used to create dissonance and tension, and other intervals were used to signify release and closure; this helped initiate key centers instead of modes used in Medieval and Renaissance music.
Functional harmony — keys and chords moving to create tension and release — was officially the end of the Renaissance and the start of a new era. The Prologue from the opera Euridice, from the score published in An example of figured bass played by a violone double bass and a cembalo harpsichord accompanying a violin.
Italian composer Claudio Monteverdi was key in establishing the Baroque era musical style. Why is this important in the development of Baroque music?
He fostered the arts and thus created the means for many musicians to compose and perform. Because of this increased need for musicians thanks to the king and his court who enjoyed the finer things in lifemusic continued to develop. The middle Baroque era lasted fromand during this time new vocal genres developed such as the cantata and the oratorio.
Melodies became simpler and more polished, based on short and simple chord progressions. Counterpoint a form of polyphony; harmonically dependent lines with differing rhythm and shape started to develop as the figured bassline became more integrated with the melody, and the opera reached new popularity.
As a result, one defining characteristic of Baroque music is the intense musical ornamentation — trills, neighbor tones, passing tones, and many more.
Composers would notate some embellishments to be used, but often the performers would add their own ornamentations during the performance. Click here for a table of the common embellishments used. One specific court composer to know is Jean-Baptiste Lully.
He composed full-time for the Sun King and is considered the epitome of French Baroque music. He was also one of the very first conductors! He revolutionized court dances by introducing new ones such as the minuet and established the French overture as a new style.It was characteristic of Baroque architecture that, though examples are to be found almost throughout Europe and Latin America, they differ notably from one country to another.
How is it, then, that they are all designated by a single term? Partly for convenience, in order to summarize the art of a. Styles/Types of Baroque Art. In order to fulfill its propagandist role, Catholic-inspired Baroque art tended to be large-scale works of public art, such as monumental wall-paintings and huge frescoes for the ceilings and vaults of palaces and churches.
The classical ballet also originated in the Baroque era. The style of court dance was brought to France by Marie de Medici, Baroque in the "History of Art" The Baroque style and Luis XIV influence; Melvyn Bragg's BBC Radio 4 program In Our Time: The Baroque "Baroque Style Guide".
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The Baroque era also saw the expansion of size, range, and complexity of instrumental performance, and many new genres of music were created that we still use today. *Fun fact: the word Baroque comes from a Portuguese word that means “misshapen pearl”.
History is fascinating. The idea of so many events to have taken place over the years can be very intriguing. One of the most significant eras in history was the Baroque era, that lasted for more than a century. This article takes a brief look at this era.