History[ edit ] Reality therapy was developed at the Veterans Administration hospital in Los Angeles in the early s by William Glasser and his mentor and teacher, psychiatrist G. The term refers to a process that is people-friendly and people-centered and has nothing to do with giving people a dose of reality as a threat or punishmentbut rather helps people to recognize how fantasy can distract them from their choices they control in life.
Noam Chomsky Noam Chomsky is not a psychologist or a psychiatrist, but he has had a large impact on psychology, linguistics, and other fields. Chomsky is credited with the creation of the theory of generative grammar, considered to be one of the most significant contributions to the field of theoretical linguistics made in the 20th century.
The following material has been adapted from the Wikipedia: His mother, Elsie Chomsky born Simonofskycame from what is now Belarus, but unlike her husband she grew up in the United States and spoke "ordinary New York English".
Their first language was Yiddish, but Chomsky says it was "taboo" in his family to speak it. He describes his family as living in a sort of "Jewish ghetto", split into a "Yiddish side" and "Hebrew side", with his family aligning with the latter and bringing him up "immersed in Hebrew culture and literature".
I knew it was irrational and got over it but it was just the street experience. From the age of twelve or thirteen, he identified more fully with anarchist politics. A graduate of Central High School of Philadelphia th Classin Chomsky began studying philosophy and linguistics at the University of Pennsylvania, learning from philosophers C.
Chomsky subsequently reinterpreted these as operations on the productions of a context-free grammar derived from Post production systems.
InChomsky married linguist Carol Schatz. They have two daughters, Aviva b. Chomsky received his Ph. He conducted much of his doctoral research during four years at Harvard University as a Harvard Junior Fellow.
In his doctoral thesis, he began to develop some of his linguistic ideas, elaborating on them in his book Syntactic Structures, perhaps his best-known work in linguistics. Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in and in was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics now the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy.
From to he held the Ferrari P. Ward Professorship of Modern Languages and Linguistics. In he was appointed Institute Professor. Chomsky has been teaching at MIT continuously for the last 50 years. It was during this time that Chomsky became more publicly engaged in politics: Since that time, Chomsky has become well known for his political views, speaking on politics all over the world and writing numerous books.
His far-reaching criticism of US foreign policy and the legitimacy of US power has made him a controversial figure.
Beginning with his critique of the Vietnam War in the s, Chomsky has become more widely known for his media criticism and politics than for his linguistic theories.
He is generally considered to be a key intellectual figure within the left wing of United States politics. According to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index inChomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar during the time period, and was the eighth most cited scholar in any time period.
Chomsky is widely known for his political activism, and for his criticism of the foreign policy of the United States and other governments. Chomsky describes himself as a libertarian socialist and a sympathizer of anarcho-syndicalism.
Contributions to linguistics Syntactic Structures was a distillation of his book Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory in which he introduces transformational grammars. The theory takes utterances sequences of words to have a syntax which can be largely characterized by a formal grammar; in particular, a Context-free grammar extended with transformational rules.
Children are hypothesized to have an innate knowledge of the basic grammatical structure common to all human languages i. This innate knowledge is often referred to as universal grammar.
It is argued that modeling knowledge of language using a formal grammar accounts for the "productivity" of language: Hence the term principles and parameters, often given to this approach.
In this view, a child learning a language need only acquire the necessary lexical items words, grammatical morphemes, and idiomsand determine the appropriate parameter settings, which can be done based on a few key examples. Proponents of this view argue that the pace at which children learn languages is inexplicably rapid, unless children have an innate ability to learn languages.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin Running head: ALBERT ELLIS AND WILLIAM GLASSER.
Albert Ellis and William Glasser. Webster University – Kelly Air Force Base. Albert Ellis and William Glasser have been in the mainstream of psychological society for over four decades.
Founder of the Albert Ellis Institute in New York City, Ellis was instrumental in the way in which many therapists work and view emotional problems and mental illness. Dr. Gerald Corey, well-known author in the field of counseling and psychology, tells about his experiences and the .
Albert Ellis and William Glasser have been in the mainstream of psychological society for over four decades. Both have contributed greatly to modern psychotherapy. The Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) of Albert Ellis and the Reality therapy of William Glasser have endured the trendy world.
The free Psychology research paper (Ellis And Glasser essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Psychology, use the professional writing service offered by our company. Faculty List Learn about our faculty members through our searchable faculty database.