It doesn't matter whether you are a startup company seeking capital or an established company seeking to increase market share, knowing how to write a three-year business plan will help you look at what is working with your company, where industry and consumer trends are moving and design the steps to achieve your business goals. Company Description Describe the business in detail. This section should explain the history of the company and describes key personnel.
How to use Financial Plan Model Inputs Use the Model Inputs sheet to enter information about your business that will be used to model results seen on the other pages. Forecasted Revenue The forecasted revenue section allows you to estimate your revenue for 4 different products.
Simply use the white boxes to enter the number of units you expect to sell, and the price you expect to sell them for, and the spreadsheet will calculate the total revenue for each product for the year.
If you want to give your products names, simply type over the words "Product 1", "Product 2" etc.
Cost of Goods Sold Your margins are unlikely to be the same on all of your products, so the cost of goods sold allows you to enter your expected gross margin for each product into the white boxes in Column B. The spreadsheet will automatically calculate the annual cost of goods sold based on this information, along with your forecasted revenue.
Annual Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul As the cost of annual maintenance, repair and overhaul is likely to increase each year, you will need to enter a percentage factor on your capital equipment in the white box in Column B. This will be used to calculate your operating expenses in the profit and loss sheet.
Asset Depreciation Use the white box to enter the number of years you expect your assets to depreciate over. This may vary greatly from business to business, as assets in some sectors depreciate much more quickly than they do in others.
Tax In most parts of the world, you will have to pay income on your earnings.
Enter the annual tax rate that applies to your circumstances in the white box in Column B. If you have to pay any other taxes, these can be entered later on the Profit and Loss sheet. Inflation Although you cannot be certain of the level of inflation, you will still need to try and plan for it when coming up with a 5-year financial plan.
The International Monetary Fund provide forecasts for a number of countries, so is a good place to look if you are unsure what to enter here.
Simply enter your inflation rate in the white box. Product Price Increase As a consumer, you are no doubt aware that the price of products goes up over time.
Enter a number in the white box to show the expected annual price increase of your products to enable the spreadsheet to calculate income in future years. If you are unsure what to put here, increasing your product price in line with inflation is a good starting point.
If your business is just starting out, you may be able to command higher prices for your products or services as the years go on, as you build up brand recognition and a good reputation.
Funding The funding section allows you to enter information about your business loan.
To use this section, simply fill in the three white boxes representing the amount of the loan, the annual interest rate and the term of the loan in months - for example, 12 for 1 year, 24 for 2 years, 36 for 3 years, 48 for 4 years, or 60 for a 5 year loan.
Profit and loss This sheet calculates your profit and loss for each year over a 5 year period. The profit and loss assumptions, along with income, are automatically calculated using information entered in the model inputs sheet.
Non-Operation Income You may have, or be expecting some income in addition to your operating income. There are pre-entered categories for rental, lost income and loss or gain on the sale of assets, as well as an additional row where you can enter your own non-operation income. Operating Expenses Some parts of this are already filled in based on information you put on the Model Inputs, for example, depreciation, maintenance and interest on long-term debt.
Years are also filled in for you across all categories based on the inflation information entered in the Model Inputs sheet. Non-recurring Expenses This section is for entering any expenses that you will not be paying on an annual basis. The Unexpected Expenses row allows you to enter a contingency for unexpected expenses, whilst the Other Expenses row allows you to enter any other one off expenses you may be expecting to make, for example the purchase of new equipment part way into your 5 year plan.
Taxes Income Tax is filled in based on the information you enter into the model inputs. Depending on where your business is based, you may find yourself having to pay other taxes. These can be entered in the Other Tax row. You can rename this row by typing over the "Other Tax specify " text.Download a free 5-Year Financial Plan template, which helps when planning a launch of a new products with involvement of a long-term financing.
5-Year Financial Plan includes, Profit and Loss, Balance Sheet, Cash Flow and Loan Amortization. 3 Write a 3-Year Business Forecast 4 Preparing a Three-Year Business Plan Business plans written for the purpose of raising capital are typically required to have a three-year projection of sales.
Knowing your numbers in terms of cash flow projection allows you to plan and anticipate for the coming months. It also gives you enough information to see potential pitfalls within the .
Plan Projections provides a template you can use to create simple 5 year business plan financial projections for a start-up or established business. The Plan Projections template is free, easy to set up and customize, and loaded with great features.
The Business Plan Store will prepare detailed financial projections for your business that express your vision in terms of dollars and units of time, and in a format that is easily understandable to people in the lending industries.
An outline of your company's growth strategy is essential to a business plan, but it just isn't complete without the numbers to back it up. The three-year income projection will enable you to.