Life Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens.
Marty Sulek Civil Society Theory: A student of Plato and a teacher of Alexander the Great, Aristotle founded the Lyceum, one of the earliest and most influential philosophical schools of the ancient world.
By some accounts, he also invented political science as a distinct academic discipline Strauss,pg. Aristotle was born in in Stageiria, a Greek colony on the Chalcidice peninsula, on the Gulf of Strymon, in the northern Aegean Sea. He remained a citizen of Stageiria his entire life, despite living elsewhere for most of it.
Later in life, he performed great services for his home polis, including drafting its written code of laws. Aristotle thus received his early education in an aristocratic setting at the Macedonian royal court. His mother died when he was still very young, and his father died when he was ten.
Thereafter, he was brought up under the guardianship of Proxenus, the husband of his sister, Arimneste. At the age of 17, Aristotle moved to Athens to pursue his advanced education. The fact that Plato was away in Sicily in would support this thesis.
Chroust offers a plausible scenario in which Aristotle likely left Athens in the autumn ofdue to anti-Macedonian sentiment among the Athenians arising from events of the Olynthian War earlier that year.
Around the same time, Aristotle successfully petitioned the king of Macedon, Phillip II, to restore Stageiria, which the Macedonian army had destroyed during that conflict.
Hermias had studied at the Academy in his youth, where he first met Aristotle. He went on to found a respectable sized kingdom encompassing the regions of Aeolis, the Troad and Mysia, which he carved from out the border regions of the then decaying Persian Empire. Under the patronage of Hermias, two other Academy alumni — Erastus and Coriscus — had established a school in Assos.
Hermias would thus appear to have been assembling a circle of prominent Platonic philosophers, possibly to act as advisors, emulating a long Greek tradition of political leaders employing wise counsel: She bore Aristotle a daughter whom they also named Pythias.
During that time, Aristotle conducted research on botany and zoology on the nearby island of Lesbos along with his pupil, Theophrastus, who was also an alumnus of the Academy. At age 16, Alexander was appointed regent of Macedon while his father was away conducting a military campaign against Byzantium.
Aristotle, released from his teaching obligations, retired to Stageiria. It was named the Lyceum after the precinct it occupied, which was dedicated to Apollo Lyseius and the Muses, located northeast of Athens, just beyond the city walls.
He lived thereafter with Herpylis of Stageiria, who bore him a son, Nicomachus, after whom his most definitive ethical treatise, Nicomachean Ethics, is named.
During the war, which lasted a year, the Athenians proceeded to persecute anyone connected with Macedonian rule. Aristotle, a close associate of the Macedonian court and a critic of democracy, was, like Socrates before him, prosecuted for impiety; in this case, in connection with a poem he had composed years before honouring Hermias.
Both Strabo Geography Andronicus edited and, around 30 AD, published the definitive ancient editions of the works of both Aristotle and Theophrastus, along with extensive commentary on the authorial authenticity of each work.
This edition is the source from which all surviving manuscripts of Aristotle ultimately derive.
DL, writing in the 2nd century AD, identifies titles attributed to Aristotle totalinglines.To compare the political theories of two great philosophers of politics is to first examine each theory in depth.
Plato is regarded by many experts as the first writer of political philosophy, and Aristotle is recognized as the first political scientist.
Plato, student of Socrates, and Aristotle, student of Plato, two of the most influential philosophers to have ever walked the earth, take two completely different approaches whilst talking about the formation of city states and epistemology itself.
Seek enduring truths which are constant, not changing, through great literature, art, philosophy, religion. Essentialism: Focus: Teach the common core, "the basics" of information and skills (cultural heritage) needed for citizenship.
Comparison of Philosophers: Two essays totaling 8 pages that compare a number of great philosophers, including Nozick, Jung, Marx, Hume and Aristotle, on the concepts of justice, the self, demonstrating that contemporary philosophy is based on notions developed from past philosophical premises.
Bibliography lists 2 sources. History of political ideas as from philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke and Hegel and Maz Weber. Theories are used for further research.
Comparative Politics. Comparing the political theories of any two great philosophers is a complex task. Plato and Aristotle are two such philosophers who had ideas of how to improve existing societies during their individual lifetimes.