The long quietus of thirty years that followed was unbroken save by two ventures into poetry: It is somewhat surprising, therefore, to find literary aspiration still latent in the former author who, nearing his biblical allotment of years, emerged from the New York Custom House in It is still more surprising that for his swan song he turned back once more to prose and to his first chosen and best milieu, the sea. But now the harassed artist of the fifties had made his peace with ambition.
Critical essay on melville's billy budd Essay, term paper, research paper: Critical Essays See all college papers and term papers on Critical Essays Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment.
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Our writing service will save you time and grade. Need a custom research paper on Critical Essays? Click here to buy a custom term paper. Human law says that men are "the sum total of their actions, and no more.
The point of the novel is therefore not to analyze the good and evil in Billy or Claggart, but to put the reader in the position of Captain Vere, who must interpret the laws of both man and nature. Reich supports Vere's decision to hang Billy.
In defense of this he alludes to a famous English court case, in which three men were accused of murder. However, the circumstances which led them to murder were beyond their control; they had been stranded at sea and forced to kill and eat their fourth companion, who had fallen ill and was about to die anyway.
The Judge, Lord Coleridge, found them guilty because "law cannot follow nature's principle of self-preservation. Since Billy is unable to defend himself verbally, he "responds to pure nature, and the dictates of necessity" by lashing out at Claggart. I agree with Reich's notion that Vere was correct in hanging Billy, and that it is society, not Vere, who should be criticized for this judgement; for Vere is forced to reject the urgings of his own heart and his values to comply with the binding laws of man.
First, the moral issue aside, Captain Vere had no choice but to convict Billy. As captain of a ship under pressure of war and the constant threat of mutiny, Vere had to act swiftly.
Also, as captain, Vere had the responsibility of making sure the laws were strictly enforced, including the Mutiny Act. Although Vere knew in his heart Billy was innocent, Billy's actions had to be punished.
For Vere to have acquitted Billy would mean that he had placed the divine law of nature above the laws he was bound to enforce as captain of a British ship.
Although this would have been morally right, who is to say where to draw the line? This rhetorical question is what Melville wants his readers to think about. Melville could have easily written in the plot that Vere went along with the captain's suggestion to call witnesses.
With the testimonies of Dansker, the afterguardsman, and Squeak, Billy could have been cleared of the mutiny charge. But I agree with Reich that Melville wanted to use Billy as an example of the flaws in the laws of society; that they do not take into account the laws of nature.
However, until we reform our laws in such a way that we cannot be punished for something out of our control, we cannot expect the laws to be interpreted that way.Billy Budd is the last (and uncompleted) prose work of Herman Melville.
In , disenchanted with the sales and critical reception of his novels, he gave up writing fiction and turned instead to poetry (just as Thomas Hardy was to do fifty years later, for slightly different reasons). Billy Budd Herman Melville Billy Budd literature essays are academic essays for citation.
These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Billy Budd. In-depth critical discussions of Herman Melville's novel - Plus complimentary, unlimited online access to the full content of this great literary reference.
Billy Budd stands as one of the most frequently taught and debated novellas in the American literary tradition.
Essays and criticism on Herman Melville's Billy Budd - Critical Evaluation. Essays and criticism on Herman Melville's Billy Budd - Critical Essays. In the novella Billy Budd, Melville explores the tension created by one's duty to follow the law and one's compassion.
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|Critical Essay On Billy Budd Essays||Critical essay on billy budd Critical Essay on Billy Budd Charles Reich's assessment of the conflict in Billy Budd focuses on the distinction between the laws of society and the laws of nature.|
|Critical essays on Melville's Billy Budd, sailor (Book, ) [lausannecongress2018.com]||Critical Essays See all college papers and term papers on Critical Essays Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Critical Essays:|
|Essay, term paper, research paper: Critical Essays||It consists of thirty chapters balanced between action and comment, with maritime events of the years preceding and other historical, biblical, and mythological allusions interspersed throughout. The author builds his action to a climax at the point when Claggart informs Captain Vere of Billy's alleged complicity in a mutinous plot.|
|Herman Melville||In both, the main character faces the threat of destruction by an evil force he does not comprehend.|
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