This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Limited help-seeking behaviours, among adolescents with mental health concerns and many barriers to accessing mental health services, make innovative approaches to administering mental health therapies crucial. The e-CBT modules were presented using PowerPoint delivered weekly through email by either a senior psychiatry resident or an attending physician. BYIs were completed before treatment and and after final treatment within both groups to assess changes in depression, anxiety, anger, disruption, and self-concept.
Cognitive Therapy or Interpersonal Therapy? Also called social phobiasocial anxiety disorder is often treated first with medicationssuch as an SSRI antidepressant you know, regulars like Paxil or Prozac. In a randomized controlled research study published recently, two psychological interventions were put head to head to see which one would come out on top.
Cognitive therapy CT focuses on the modification of biased information processing and dysfunctional beliefs of social anxiety disorder. Interpersonal psychotherapy IPT aims to change problematic interpersonal behavior patterns that may have an important role in the maintenance of the problem.
According to the researchers, no previous direct comparison of these two treatment options exists.
This group is told they will get treatment in a short time, but they have to be placed on a waiting list because no therapists are readily available. A total of subjects were gathered from two outpatient treatment centers, and out of those, completed the study.
How was the study conducted?
Treatment comprised 16 individual sessions of either cognitive therapy or interpersonal therapy and one booster session. Twenty weeks after randomization, posttreatment assessment was conducted and participants in the control group received one of the treatments.
The primary outcome was treatment response on the Clinical Global Impression Improvement Scale, as assessed by independent evaluators [blinded to treatment conditions].
What were the results? At the end of the study, the cognitive therapy group have a nearly 66 percent response rate while the interpersonal therapy group had a 42 percent response rate. The control group, in comparison, had only a 7 percent response rate — meaning that just waiting for the problem to resolve on its own is significantly less effective than getting treatment for it.
In the specific measurement of social anxiety disorder, cognitive therapy significantly outperformed interpersonal therapy. Both treatment conditions significantly improved social anxiety symptoms in comparison to the control group.
At the follow-up, the differences between CT and IPT were largely maintained, according to the researchers. The cognitive therapy group again came out on top with significantly higher response rates 68 percent versus the interpersonal therapy group 32 percent The cognitive therapy group also had better outcomes on the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale at the one year followup.
So there you have it. And not results dependent upon taking a medication for a year or two — results that are long-lasting and permanent.
Cognitive therapy vs interpersonal psychotherapy in social anxiety disorder: Arch Gen Psychiatry, 68, Related Articles John M. He is an author, researcher and expert in mental health online, and has been writing about online behavior, mental health and psychology issues -- as well as the intersection of technology and human behavior -- since Grohol sits on the editorial board of the journal Computers in Human Behavior and is a founding board member and treasurer of the Society for Participatory Medicine.
You can learn more about Dr.Mark Tyrrell's Therapy Skills» CBT Techniques» 3 Instantly Calming CBT Techniques for Anxiety.
3 Instantly Calming CBT Techniques for Anxiety Cognitive-behavioural tools that anyone can use. Share Tweet Share Just subscribe to my therapy techniques newsletter below. Download my book on reframing, "New Ways of Seeing", when. Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) Often referred to as IPT, interpersonal therapy is a short-term supportive psychotherapy that addresses interpersonal issues in depression in adults, adolescents, and older adults.
For example, MoodGYM is a current e-CBT based on cognitive restructuring, pleasant events scheduling, and interpersonal problem criteria for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder were invited to participate in the study. Participants were recruited from the outpatient Child and Youth Mental Health Program at the Hotel.
Dr. Delyana Miller provides psychotherapy and neuropsychological and psychological assessment services to adults and seniors with a variety of psychological difficulties such as depression, anxiety disorders, trauma, interpersonal difficulties, self-esteem issues, learning and memory problems, adjusting to life changes.
Randomized trial of a Meditation-Based Stress Reduction program and Cognitive Behavior Therapy in generalized social anxiety disorder. Behaviour Research and Therapy. Borkovec, Thomas D.
and Newman, Michelle G. and Pincus, Aaron L. and Lytle, Richard, A Component Analysis of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder and the Role of Interpersonal Problems ().