With a wide range of different geopolitical atmospheres, we see a large spectrum of democratic governments in existence around the globe. Direct Democracy A direct democracy is when citizens get to vote for a policy directly, without any intermediate representatives or houses of parliament. If the government has to pass a certain law or policy, it goes to the people. They vote on the issue and decide the fate of their own countries.
The 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh ji Nanak X established the world's first Sikh democratic republic state ending the aristocracy on day of 1st Vasakh and Gurbani as sole constitution of this Sikh republic on the Indian subcontinent. The Kouroukan Fouga divided the Mali Empire into ruling clans lineages that were represented at a great assembly called the Gbara.
However, the charter made Mali more similar to a constitutional monarchy than a democratic republic. Magna Carta, England The Parliament of England had its roots in the restrictions on the power of kings written into Magna Cartawhich explicitly protected certain rights of the King's subjects and implicitly supported what became the English writ of habeas corpussafeguarding individual freedom against unlawful imprisonment with right to appeal.
However, the power to call parliament remained at the pleasure of the monarch. The English Civil War — was fought between the King and an oligarchic but elected Parliament,   during which the idea of a political party took form with groups debating rights to political representation during the Putney Debates of After the Glorious Revolution ofthe Bill of Rights was enacted in which codified certain rights and liberties, and is still in effect.
The Bill set out the requirement for regular elections, rules for freedom of speech in Parliament and limited the power of the monarch, ensuring that, unlike much of Europe at the time, royal absolutism would not prevail.
In North America, representative government began in Jamestown, Virginiawith the election of the House of Burgesses forerunner of the Virginia General Assembly in English Puritans who migrated from established colonies in New England whose local governance was democratic and which contributed to the democratic development of the United States ;  although these local assemblies had some small amounts of devolved power, the ultimate authority was held by the Crown and the English Parliament.
The Puritans Pilgrim FathersBaptistsand Quakers who founded these colonies applied the democratic organisation of their congregations also to the administration of their communities in worldly matters. The taxed peasantry was represented in parliament, although with little influence, but commoners without taxed property had no suffrage.
The creation of the short-lived Corsican Republic in marked the first nation in modern history to adopt a democratic constitution all men and women above age of 25 could vote .
This Corsican Constitution was the first based on Enlightenment principles and included female suffragesomething that was not granted in most other democracies until the 20th century.
In the American colonial period beforeand for some time after, often only adult white male property owners could vote; enslaved Africans, most free black people and most women were not extended the franchise. Athena has been used as an international symbol of freedom and democracy since at least the late eighteenth century.
This was particularly the case in the United Statesand especially in the last fifteen slave states that kept slavery legal in the American South until the Civil War. A variety of organisations were established advocating the movement of black people from the United States to locations where they would enjoy greater freedom and equality.
The United Kingdom's Slave Trade Act banned the trade across the British Empirewhich was enforced internationally by the Royal Navy under treaties Britain negotiated with other nations. Universal male suffrage was established in France in March in the wake of the French Revolution of In the s democracy flourished and women's suffrage advanced, but the Great Depression brought disenchantment and most of the countries of Europe, Latin America, and Asia turned to strong-man rule or dictatorships.
Fascism and dictatorships flourished in Nazi GermanyItalySpain and Portugalas well as non-democratic governments in the Balticsthe BalkansBrazilCubaChinaand Japanamong others. The democratisation of the American, British, and French sectors of occupied Germany disputed Austria, Italy, and the occupied Japan served as a model for the later theory of government change.
However, most of Eastern Europeincluding the Soviet sector of Germany fell into the non-democratic Soviet bloc. The war was followed by decolonisationand again most of the new independent states had nominally democratic constitutions.
India emerged as the world's largest democracy and continues to be so.Democracy has many characteristics which include majority rule, individual rights, free and fair elections, tolerance, participation and compromise. A democracy is based on the idea of the people having a say in who governs and rules them, making participation one of the most important characteristics in the system.
Meaning of Democracy DEMOCRACY is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Abraham Lincoln defined Democracy as the government of the people, by . Types of democracy. The main types/forms of democracy are: Direct democracy; Representative democracy; Presidential democracy; Parliamentary democracy; Authoritarian democracy; Participatory democracy; Islamic democracy; Social democracy; Every country interprets the meaning of democracy in their own particular way.
These features of Direct Democracy give us an insight into its definition, its characteristics, its origination, how it has been applied as a governance by many nations worldwide, etc.
Another important fact that should not be missed is the different variations or government types similar to Direct Democracy. Jacksonian democracy, lead by Andrew Jackson, was a political movement that emphasized the needs of the common man rather than the elite and educated favored by the Jeffersonian style of government.
A democracy is a type of government or political system ruled by citizens, people who are members of a society. Citizens hold some level of power and authority, and they participate actively in the political, or decision-making, process of their government.